Rishi Khandelwal Argues: Art And History Closely Intertwined

Rishi Khandelwal Believes Art Reached Its Peak In The Middle Ages And The Beginning Of The Renaissance. Rishi Khandelwal Says There’s No Better Expression Than Art.

The arts, in general (including architecture, literature, music, dance, cinema and theater), and the plastic arts (sculpture, painting and drawing), in particular, refer to the development of symbolic forms, something that comes being practiced by human beings since the most remote age. Rishi Khandelwal argues that Art and history are closely intertwined. History, that is, our set of social, economic and cultural experiences, is crossed by the arts, which exist due to a demand for constitution of meaning, for a need to understand our situation in the world.

Man, being a historical being, and not merely natural (in the biological sense), embarks on symbolic production, and the arts are the most complex stage of this process. The techniques used in sculpture, for example, reveal our ability to give shape and meaning to a raw natural material, whether it is a piece of wood or a piece of marble. Painting and drawing, in turn, give dimension to our ability to imitate the colors of nature and the shapes of the most varied beings, real or imagined.

In each era, in the words of Rishi Khandelwal, the arts bear witness to the evolution and concerns of mankind. This is the case, for example, of rock art among prehistoric peoples. The paintings found in the caves reveal both rituals and scenes from the daily lives of those individuals as well as cosmological concerns (which can be seen from the drawings of the sun, stars and various astronomical phenomena).

Rishi Khandelwal says that with the appearance of the first complex social organizations, such as that of the old city-states, the arts became more sophisticated. This is the case of the art of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Persia in the Middle East, as well as the art of the classical period in the West, such as Greek, Roman and early Christian art in its catacomb and official phase. In addition, Rishi Khandelwal shares that there was also artistic development in the Far East, the Americas and Oceania.

Rishi Khandelwal believes that Christian art reached its peak in the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Renaissance. In the same period, Islamic and Byzantine art also flourished, which enriched the cultural scene and made up the artistic tradition of both Europe and the Middle East and North Africa.

In the Modern Age, Rishi Khandelwal says that the arts assumed great expression in the formation of artistic schools. From the seventeenth century to the beginning of the twentieth century, these schools were succeeding and outdoing each other. This was the case with the Baroque school, classicism, romanticism and expressionism. To these schools, modernism presented, in turn, proposals of extreme radicality that served as a model for the entire 20th century and Rishi Khandelwal believes it still continues to serve the art practiced in the 21st century. This was the case with Fauvism, Surrealism, Cubism, Dadaism, etc.